Can Stress Cause Constipation?

Stress can significantly impact our bodies, and one of the lesser-known effects is its potential to cause constipation. Many people experience changes in their bowel movements during times of stress, with symptoms like bloating, abdominal discomfort, and difficulty passing stool. Understanding the connection between stress and constipation is important for managing both mental and physical health. Discover the ways in which stress can contribute to constipation and offer advice on how to alleviate these symptoms. 

How Can Stress Cause Constipation?

man sitting with anxiety

Stress can cause constipation due to its effects on the body's digestive system. When a person is stressed, their body releases stress hormones such as cortisol, which can slow down the digestive process. This can result in slower intestinal movement after consuming food, leading to constipation. Additionally, stress can also affect the balance of gut bacteria, which plays a crucial role in maintaining regular bowel movements. Moreover, stress can cause changes in bowel function by triggering the "fight-or-flight" response, which diverts blood away from the digestive system and towards muscles, making it harder for the body to properly digest food.

Stress and inflammation have a complex relationship, with stress being able to exacerbate inflammatory responses in the body. This can lead to increased levels of inflammatory markers such as cytokines, which may affect bowel function. Inflammation in the digestive tract can disrupt bowel function, leading to symptoms such as diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal pain. 

Consequently, persistent stress can lead to chronic constipation. Therefore, it's important to address stress in order to maintain healthy bowel function. This can be achieved through relaxation techniques, stress management, and proper self-care. 

Lifestyle Changes

Stress can lead to significant lifestyle changes, such as poor diet and lack of exercise, which in turn can contribute to constipation. When under stress, people often reach for comfort foods high in fat and sugar, which can slow down digestion. Additionally, stress can also disrupt regular eating and exercise routines, leading to decreased physical activity and slower bowel motility. Therefore, practicing relaxation techniques, exercising, and following a balanced diet can help prevent and alleviate constipation through stress management. 

Hormonal Changes

When the body is under stress, it can result in hormonal changes that can affect digestion. The release of stress hormones like cortisol can lead to a decrease in blood flow and oxygen to the digestive tract, slowing down the movement of food through the intestines. This can ultimately cause constipation as the body struggles to effectively eliminate waste. Additionally, stress can also lead to poor dietary choices and decreased physical activity, further exacerbating the problem of constipation. 

Changes to Your Gut Microbiome

Chronic stress can lead to changes in the composition of the gut microbiome, which in turn can result in digestive issues such as constipation. When the gut microbiome is altered due to stress, the balance of beneficial bacteria and harmful bacteria is disrupted, leading to constipation. Stress can also affect digestive system motility, slowing down the process of food and waste passing through the intestines. This can result in increased difficulty in passing stools, causing constipation as a result of stress-induced changes in the gut microbiome. 


When a person experiences stress, it can lead to sleep disruption as the mind becomes busy and restless, making it difficult to relax and fall asleep. This lack of quality sleep can then cause digestive issues, including constipation. The body's natural rhythms and processes can become disrupted, leading to irregular bowel movements. Additionally, stress can also lead to poor dietary choices and decreased physical activity, both of which can contribute to constipation. Therefore, managing and reducing stress levels is important in maintaining a healthy digestive system and regular bowel movements.

Remedies for Stress-Related Constipation

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Stress-Relief Supplements

Whether it's work or life that causes stress, stress-relief supplements can provide a natural and effective way to combat stress-related constipation. These supplements are designed to help relax the body and mind, reducing the impact of stress on digestive function. With ingredients like ashwagandha, rhodiola rosea, and other herbal extracts, they can support digestive health and help alleviate the symptoms of constipation caused by stress. By incorporating stress-relief supplements into a healthy lifestyle, individuals can effectively manage both their stress levels and their digestive health. 


Over-the-counter laxatives are readily available at convenience stores and grocery stores. Alternatively, magnesium oxide and magnesium citrate supplements can act as a natural laxative by drawing water into the intestines and increasing bowel movement. Additionally, they can also serve as stool softeners, making it easier to pass stools. However, it is important to note that excessive intake of these supplements can lead to diarrhea due to the increased water retention in the intestines. Therefore, it is essential to use these supplements in moderation to avoid potential digestive issues. 

Other Causes of Constipation

Constipation can have various causes, including:

  • Lack of fiber in the diet — Not consuming enough fiber can lead to difficulty in passing stools, as fiber helps to bulk up the stool and promote regular bowel movements.
  • Inadequate fluid intake — Dehydration can also contribute to constipation, as the body requires adequate fluids to soften the stool and make it easier to pass.
  • Sedentary lifestyle — A lack of physical activity can slow down the movement of food through the digestive system, leading to constipation.
  • Certain medications — Prescription medication such as painkillers and antacids, can also cause constipation as a side effect.
  • Certain medical conditions — Conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome or thyroid disorders can disrupt bowel function.

It's important to identify the underlying cause of constipation in order to effectively manage and treat it.

How to Avoid Stress Constipation

To avoid this uncomfortable problem, it's important to take care of both our physical and mental well-being.

  • Improve your diet — One key step is to improve your diet by increasing your fiber intake and staying hydrated, which can help promote regular bowel movements.
  • Exercise regularly — Getting regular exercise can also help to alleviate stress and promote healthy digestion.
  • Practice mindfulness — It's also important to practice mindfulness techniques, such as deep breathing and meditation, to help manage and reduce stress levels which can contribute to constipation.

By taking these steps to care for both your physical and mental health, you can help to avoid stress-related constipation and promote overall well-being. 

Summary: The Link Between Stress and Constipation

The link between stress and constipation is a complex and often overlooked relationship. Research suggests that stress may have a direct impact on gut health and cause constipation. This is because stress can disrupt the balance of bacteria in the gut, slow down digestion, and lead to changes in bowel movements. Additionally, the release of stress hormones can also lead to muscle tension in the pelvic floor, making it difficult to pass stool. Chronic stress may also lead to other lifestyle factors such as poor diet or lack of physical activity, which can further exacerbate constipation. Therefore, it's important to recognize the link between stress and constipation and manage stress levels to promote overall digestive health.